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        History of King Solomon's Temple        
             
                                       
  History Headings

-Solomon's Temple
-Raids and Destruction
-David's gift to Solomon
-The Pillars
-Solomon: Man Of Peace
-References
King Solomon's Temple ("The House of That Which is Holy" or "House of the Holy"), refers to a series of structures located on the Temple Mount in the old city of Jerusalem. According to classical belief, the Temple (or the Temple Mount) acts as the figurative "footstool" of God's presence.          
           
           
           
           
           
                               
                               
                                       
        Solomon's Temple        
               
  Solomon's Temple was also known as the First Temple. According to the Hebrew Bible, the first temple of the ancient religion of the biblical Israelites was originally constructed by King Solomon on the hill called Moriah in Jerusalem. According to the Bible, it functioned as a religious focal point for worship in ancient Judaism. It housed the Ark of the Covenant. The last time that the Bible mentions the Ark of the Covenant is in 2 Chronicles 35:3 when King Josiah ordered that it should be returned to the temple: "Put the Holy Ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel did build; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders."

Completed in 960 BCE, the Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in586 BCE. The Second Temple was subsequently built on the same site, and was destroyed by Titus in 70 CE. 1

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                       
        Raids and Destruction        
               
  According to the Bible, the Temple was pillaged or had its valuables confiscated many times during the course of its history (dates before Ahaz are suppositional):
  1. King Shishaq of Egypt, c.933 BCE
  2. King Asa of Judah, c.900 BCE in order to persuade Ben-Hadad I of Damascus to come to his aid against Baasha of Israel
  3. King Jehoash of Judah, c.825 BCE, in order to pay Hazael of Damascus, who was besieging the city
  4. King Joash of Israel, c.790 BCE (2 Kings 14:14);
  5. King Ahaz of Judah, 734 BCE, to persuade Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria to come to his aid against Pekah of Israel and Rezin II of Damascus
  6. King Hezekiah of Judah, 712 BCE, to pay King Sennacherib of Assyria, who was besieging the city
  7. King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon who pillaged it twice ó once in 597 BCE, and again in 586 BCE, after which he destroyed it. He burned the temple, and carried all its treasures with him to Babylon.
These sacred vessels were, at the end of the Babylonian Captivity, restored to the Jews by Cyrus, in 538/9 BCE. 1
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                       
        King David's gift to his son Solomon        
               
  David, King of Israel, desired to build a temple for Yhwh, but was not permitted to do so, although he did prepared for the building a large quantity of material, which he later gave to his son Solomon. In preparation for the building Solomon made an alliance with Hiram, King of Tyre, who furnished him with skilled workmen and, apparently, permitted him to cut timber in Lebanon. Solomon began to build the Temple in the fourth year of his reign; its erection occupied seven years. 2

 
   
   
   
   
                                       
        The Pillars        
               
  Before the Temple, Solomon erected two bronze pillars, called Jachin and Boaz. Each of these was 18 cubits in height, and was surmounted by a capital of carved lilies, 5 cubits high. Before the Temple, a little to the southeast, there stood the molten sea, a large laver 10 cubits in diameter, ornamented with knops. This laver rested on the backs of twelve oxen. The Chronicler gives its capacity as "three thousand baths" and states that its purpose was to afford opportunity for the ablutions of the priests. 2  
   
   
   
   
                                       
        Solomon: Man of Peace        
               
 

Davidís son Solomon built the temple on the east side of Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, "where the Lord had appeared to his father David"

Solomon was a man of peace and began the project of constructing God a house of worship. To secure an adequate site for the Temple and its courts, an area of at least 600 by 300 feet was required. The summit of the hill had to be leveled and slightly enlarged by means of fill and retaining walls built on the sides. The construction was completed in the eleventh year of Solomon's reign, (in seven and a half years, 953 BC).

Chron 22:9-10 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon, for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days. He shall build a house for My name, and he shall be My son, and I will be his Father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever. 3

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                       
                References                
                               
       

1 Wikipedia. (n.d.). Solomon's Temple. Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solomon's_Temple

   
           
       

2 JewishEncyclopedia.com. (2002). TEMPLE OF SOLOMON.. Retrieved December 14, 2009, from http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=129&letter=T

   
           
       

3 Bible History.com. (n.d.). The Jerusalem Temple in the Time of Jesus. Retrieved December 16, 2009, from http://www.bible-history.com/jewishtemple/JEWISH_TEMPLESolomons_Temple.htm