King Solomon's Temple
("The House of That Which is Holy" or "House of the Holy"),
refers to a series of structures located on the Temple Mount in the old city of Jerusalem. According to classical belief, the Temple (or the Temple Mount)
acts as the figurative "footstool" of God's presence.
Solomon's Temple was also known as the First Temple. According to the Hebrew Bible, the first temple of the ancient religion
of the biblical Israelites was originally constructed by King Solomon on the hill called Moriah in Jerusalem.
According to the Bible, it functioned as a religious focal point for worship in ancient Judaism. It housed the Ark of the
Covenant. The last time that the Bible mentions the Ark of the Covenant is in 2 Chronicles 35:3 when King Josiah ordered
that it should be returned to the temple: "Put the Holy Ark in the house which Solomon the son of David
king of Israel did build; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders."
Completed in 960 BCE, the Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in586 BCE.
The Second Temple was subsequently built on the same site, and was destroyed by Titus in 70 CE.1
David, King of Israel, desired to build a temple for Yhwh, but was not permitted to do so, although he did prepared for the
building a large quantity of material, which he later gave to his son Solomon. In preparation for the building Solomon
made an alliance with Hiram, King of Tyre, who furnished him with skilled workmen and, apparently, permitted him to
cut timber in Lebanon. Solomon began to build the Temple in the fourth year of his reign; its
erection occupied seven years.2
Before the Temple, Solomon erected two bronze pillars, called Jachin and Boaz. Each of these was 18 cubits in height,
and was surmounted by a capital of carved lilies, 5 cubits high. Before the Temple, a little to the southeast,
there stood the molten sea, a large laver 10 cubits in diameter, ornamented with knops. This laver rested on the
backs of twelve oxen. The Chronicler gives its capacity as "three thousand baths" and states that its
purpose was to afford opportunity for the ablutions of the priests.
Davidís son Solomon built the temple on the east side of Jerusalem on Mount Moriah,
"where the Lord had appeared to his father David"
Solomon was a man of peace and began the project of constructing God a house of
worship. To secure an adequate site for the Temple and its courts, an area of at least 600 by 300 feet was required.
The summit of the hill had to be leveled and slightly enlarged by means of fill and retaining walls built on the sides.
The construction was completed in the eleventh year of Solomon's reign, (in seven and a half years, 953 BC).
Chron 22:9-10 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all
around. His name shall be Solomon, for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days.
He shall build a house for My name, and he shall be My son, and I will be his Father;
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.3